Until the end of the Edo Period (the late 19th century) Kashiraga-shima was uninhabited. Driven out of their homeland by persecution, Christians settled in this remote islet. Domingo Mori Matsujiro, a Catholic evangelist, moved in and hid a French missionary in his house, which was opened as a place for prayer and a training school for Catholic preachers. In 1868, when a grand-scale crackdown on Christianity referred to as Goto Kuzure extended to this islet, the Christian facilities established by Domingo Mori were used as jails to confine arrested Christians. *This period is reflected in the 2016 Martin Scorsese film "Silence" .